(Hartford, USA, 1928 – New York, USA, 2007)
Sol LeWitt was an American artist whose work lies between Minimalism and Conceptual Art. LeWitt graduated from Syracuse University in 1949. In 1953 he moved to New York, where he attended the Cartoonists and Illustrators’ School, worked for the magazine Seventeen and, from 1955 to 1956, for the studio of the architect Ieoh Ming Pei. In the first half of the 1970s he supported himself by working as a night receptionist at MoMA, where he met artists Dan Flavin, Robert Mangold, and Robert Ryman. LeWitt exhibited in group exhibitions of what would go down in history as Minimalism, including the 1966 exhibition “Primary Structures: Younger American and British Sculptors” at the Jewish Museum in New York. During this period he taught at various institutes in New York, including New York University and the School of Visual Arts. In 1976, together with writer Lucy Lippard, he founded the non-profit organization for artist books Printed Matter, Inc. From the mid-1960s onwards, he focused on three-dimensional works based on the cube, using precise and measured formats, such as grids and modules, with systematic variations. Some of LeWitt’s most famous pieces are his Wall Drawings: geometric murals to which the artist applies a myriad of variations. From the mid-1980s he worked on sculptures in stacked concrete blocks, again experimenting with the method of variation within self-imposed restrictions. LeWitt’s wall drawings from the 1980s incorporate geometric shapes, stars, and flat areas of color. In 1988 at the Venice Biennale, he covered the inside of the Italian Pavilion with his wall drawings. His works can be found in major museum collections in Europe and the United States.